How to Make a GIF in Photoshop
Animated GIFs became hugely popular several years ago, yet never really seem to go out of vogue.
Not just a photo, but not quite a video file either, animated GIFs can be used for everything from memes and humor to marketing.
If you’re a a photographer who like to teach, animated GIFs are especially good for demonstrating brief techniques (like putting up a tripod or assembling a lighting setup) and/or illustrating the before-and-after of some phenomenal post-processing.
If you’re into creating videos, animated GIFs can also be used for attention-grabbing video previews.
There’s also a sort of pleasure in using your own images to create a GIF that expresses feelings that just can’t be described in words or a static image.
Luckily making animated GIFs from a series of photos isn’t that difficult, particularly if you use Photoshop.
This tutorial will focus on how to make an animated GIF in Photoshop, but we’ll also touch on a few other options if you don’t use Adobe products.
Let’s get started.
Table of Contents
How to Make a GIF in Photoshop: Step by Step Tutorial
For this demo I chose a a series of images I took of one of my godsons playing on the beach. The images were taken using the burst mode feature of my camera.
Step 1: Load Your Images into Photoshop
To make a GIF in Photoshop, you’ll need to first have a set of images you want to animate. For most photographers, it’s easiest to finish all the basic post-processing first and then export the photos to their own folder.
Once you have the images ready, open Photoshop and go to File > Scripts > Load Files into Stack.
From there, click Browse, navigate to the folder where the images are, and hold down the Shift key while selecting all the images you want to use. Click Open and then OK.
This tells Photoshop to import all the selected photos into a single file with each image on its own layer. They’ll show up in your layers panel on the right.
You can also opt out of using the default Photoshop import script and create the layers by hand. This is helpful sometimes when creating GIFs with animated or blinking text, banners, etc.
Either way, if you intend on making further changes to any of the images, it’ll be be best to rename each of the layers so you can figure out which layer you’re looking for at a glance.
Also, if file size is an issue for you, the fewer the frames the smaller the overall GIF and vice versa. (I know this is obvious but you’d be surprised how many people space this out!)
Note: If your source material is a video file, you can still use this tutorial. Just import the video via File > Import > Video Frames to Layers.
Step 2: Open the Timeline Window
Once you have all of your images imported into Photoshop, you’ll need to make sure Photoshop’s Timeline window is open. This is where the animation will take place.
Since it’s not open by default, you’ll need to go up to Window > Timeline to make it visible. The window will appear at the bottom of your screen.
Step 3: Create Frame Animation
The Timeline window has two animation options: Create Video Timeline and Create Frame Animation.
The quickest and easiest way to make an animated GIF in Photoshop is through Frame Animation, so make sure that’s selected.
(You’ll find both of these options by clicking on the arrow on the button in the middle of the panel.)
Step 4: Convert the Layers into Frames
Now it’s time to convert the layers into frames. Navigate to the tiny menu icon in the upper right corner of the Timeline panel. In the middle of the menu, you’ll see Make Frames From Layers.
Like magic, all your layers will be converted into individual frames ready for animation.
The magic of Photoshop is that you’ll still be able to edit each individual frame in your Timeline as needed. You can turn layers on and off, move elements around in each of the individual frames, apply filters, rotate text, etc.
Step 5: Preview your GIF
Now it’s time to preview your soon-to-be animated GIF.
You can do this by either clicking on the Play icon at the bottom of the Timeline panel or by pressing the spacebar.
Also, depending on the order your images were imported, they might be playing in reverse. If this is true, the fix is simple: just click on the Timeline menu icon and select Reverse Frames.
Step 6: Adjust the Timing and Looping
- Adjusting the Timing
Photoshop’s default timing is set with no pause between the frames. Leaving it at that setting isn’t often the best choice. For some reason, the “0” setting for frame timing tends to make things flow strangely or sometimes even not at all.
Changing the timing is pretty easy. Simply click on the frame you wish to adjust, click on the arrow, and then choose a time from the dropdown menu. I’d recommend starting out with either 0.2 or 0.5 seconds. You can always change this later. (The frames in the demo GIF above are set to .2 seconds.)
Most animated GIFs are set to continually loop as long as they’re open, and that’s what Photoshop’s default is set to. But if you’re wanting the image to just repeat once or three times, etc. Photoshop gives you a few options.
Below the timeline and to the left of the play button, you’ll see Forever and an arrow signifying a dropdown menu. There are a few different looping options as well as the option to customize your own timing.
Remember, of at any time you don’t like the results you can always go back and change the timing and loop options or even the order of the frames.
Step 7: Save as an Animated GIF
Once you’ve got your settings dialed in and your GIF is moving the way you’d like it to, it’s time to save it and view it on other platforms (to make sure it runs the same outside of Photoshop).
The saving process here is a bit different than with standard images. Instead of hitting Save or Save As, you’ll need to use File > Export > Save for Web (Legacy).
If want to limit the file size of the GIF, you can always change the Height and Width fields in the Image Size options, or change the save quality. (I like to change dimensions before reaching this point, but either way works.)
Once you’re done, hit the Save button.
Once the file has been saved as a GIF, make sure to view it outside of Photoshop in a couple of different places to make sure it runs well. Also, don’t forget to save the parent file as a .psd file too, in case you want to make changes later.
Note that if you plan to host the animated GIF on your own website, you should consider the final file size to ensure it loads quickly for users on slower Internet connections.
This may involve having to experiment with the optimization settings, such as reducing the number of colors or the amount of dither.
As you’ll see in my example at the start of the tutorial, there’s some color banding most noticeable in the sky, due in part to the heavy optimization I chose, in an attempt to reduce the file size – this resulted in a final GIF of 1.5MB.
How to Make a GIF in Photoshop: Video Tutorial
If you don’t have time to follow the step-by-step guide, have a quick look at the above video tutorial by Adobe which explains the process of making an animated GIF in Photoshop.
How to Make a GIF for Free
If you don’t already use Photoshop, you’re probably wondering what is the best free GIF maker.
Here’s a selection of tools and apps for desktop and mobile that will help you make an animated GIF without using Photoshop:
- ImgFlip – website that helps you make animated GIFs from video files or images.
- GIFBrewery – converts from video files; lots of customization options (add text, crop, resize, etc.)
- CleverPDF GIF Maker – converts images into GIFs in the cloud; needs no registration
- Make a GIF – online GIF creation of both images and videos; no account needed
- EZ GIF – high quality GIFs with no watermarks
- GIF Maker by GIPHY – Makes GIFs from both photos and videos, web-based
- GIF Toaster – free mobile app for iOS; works with a variety of inputs – even timelapse
- GIF Maker, GIF Editor – free mobile app for Android; easy to use and clean interface
In this world of online information overload, a viewer’s attention can be priceless.
Whether you’re interested in selling products (i.e. photos, prints, photography gear, etc.), creating instructional videos, web design or just online marketing in general, learning how to create an animated GIF in Photoshop is a key skill to have in your pocket.
Imagine a flat lay of your photography gear like the ones you see here on Shotkit – you can animate each object appearing, one after the other until the lay is complete.
Or perhaps you want to show the different stages of a post-processing technique. Maybe you want a banner that changes text and color. All of these are possible with this technique.
While GIFs are easy to make in Photoshop, turning out high-quality GIFs can take some practice and experimentation.
The basic humourous GIFs we see all over social media take only minutes to create, but if you want to make something you’re proud of, you’ll need to put in a bit of time and effort.
Once you’ve mastered the art of animated GIFs, however, you can always take your art to the next level and look into creating cinemagraphs – a much higher quality of image with moving elements. They’re made from HD video and can really kick the artistry of your animation up a few notches.
Never made an animated GIF in Photoshop before? Give this process a try and see what you think! Leave a link to your best GIF files in the comments.
Usnea Lebendig is a travel and landscape photographer who loves trekking in the wilderness, exploring other cultures, and using photography for social activism.