How To Organize Digital Photos (+ Best Way to Store Photo Prints)


Whether you’re a professional, hobbyist or beginner photographer, this guide will show you how to organize digital photos.

With over 1.43 trillion digital photos taken last year, organizing your photos is an essential task!

Most people take multiple photos on their smartphone each day… but where do they all end up?

Are you paying for cloud storage that you don’t need? Are your hard drives full of photo duplicates?

Do you have thousands of old printed photos sitting around in photo boxes?! Do you need to back up your photos digitally?

Don’t worry – learning how to manage your photos may be a tedious topic, but we’ll teach you the essentials so you can get a handle on all the mess!

So let’s learn how to organize digital photos once and for all.

Best Way to Organize Photos in 2021

The thought of tackling the chaos of your seemingly huge array of photographs can be daunting, but breaking it down into a series of steps can make it far more manageable.

Part of the paralysis of sorting out your files is not knowing where to start. Don’t worry: the list below will get you started and give you a wealth of options to finally get your various hard drives and devices organized so you can get on top of your photo storage.

Many of them will require a bit of an investment of time and might be dull, but the hard work now will pay off in the future, ensuring that your files are both safe and easily accessible.

1. Gather All of Your Files into One Location


Credit: Plann

Given that the number of devices we use seems to increase by the year, it’s easy to find yourself in a situation where your digital images are spread across multiple different locations, making any sense of order almost impossible.

One of the most important initial steps in taking control of your archive is to gather it into one single location.

Not only will this make it easier to manage, but also far easier to back up. Backups work best when they are consistent and automated, and this process is far simpler once your images have been brought together — and renamed (see below).

This step might mean having to rethink your photo storage. If you currently have your images split between a desktop computer and a laptop, and with insufficient room on either to contain all of your images, it’s probably time to invest in an external drive (details coming up!).

Even if you think you might not need all of the additional space offered by an extra drive once you’ve finished sorting out your duplicates and rejects, you can still make good use of that drive as a backup.

One of the complications encountered when attempting to unify an archive is that some software programs — operating systems in particular — tend to have already decided that certain folders are the best place for your files.

You either need to do some digging and tweak where files automatically appear, or simply remember to move them each time they’re added.

2. Create a Folder Structure

Photo organizing using a date-based file structure

Having a system for naming your image files and organising them into a folder structure might seem time-consuming and even slightly outdated, but when it comes to managing your files and being able to move them between hard drives or simply back them up, having a system will be invaluable.

You may wish to set up a system before you start gathering your files into the same photo library or location. Alternatively, once you’ve gathered your files together, you can start organizing.

It’s not unusual to find yourself unable to decide what sort of photo organizing system to implement as you’re not sure whether to organize by location, date, or camera.

If that sounds familiar, here’s the answer: there is no perfect system. The best option is to simply pick one and go with it.

Most likely you’ll find that you adapt yourself to whatever system you choose, and the biggest hurdle is getting started.

Organising photos by date will work best for most people as other means of categorising can be confusing, particularly if suddenly your categories start to overlap.

For example, if you have “Travel” and “Family”, what happens in a few years when you get married and go on holiday with your partner or other family members?

You can see an example of a folder structure organized and based on the date in the image above. Note how the highest folder is the year which is then split up into individual events labelled according to the date: the month first, then the day, and then a description of the event.

If you shoot far more regularly, you might want to add an extra level of photo organization that splits each year into individual months, with events then placed inside each month.

Ultimately, the number of tiers that you have isn’t too important. What’s useful, though, is being systematic in how you name your folders, and remembering that year, then month, then day means that browsing through your files will be more logical.

For example, if you use the names of the month instead of the number, your file browser will organize these folders alphabetically, putting April and August at the top.

If you find it easier, just add the name of the month after the number so that your folders begin with “01 January”, “02 February”, etc.

Whatever you choose, remember to use two digits to describe the month — ie., 01 for January, 02 for February — otherwise your file browser might end up listing “1 January” next to “11 November” and “12 December”, which can be annoying.

If you can’t figure out the exact date when certain photos were taken, there are two options.

Firstly, you can check the metadata of an individual file. MacOS users can do this by opening a file in Preview and choosing “Tools” and “Show Inspector”. On Windows, simply right-click on a file in Explorer, choose “Properties”, select the “Details” tab and scroll down.

Secondly, give it your best guess and come back to it later once you’re sure.

You might find yourself having to figure out what to do with versions of files that you have edited, or perhaps saved at a lower resolution for sharing online.

The approach taken by many photographers is to keep these files completely separate, and even create their own folder structure to accommodate them.

Whatever you choose, at least create a dedicated folder for the edited/exported files in order to keep yourself organized.

3. Decide on a System and Rename Your Files

Batch renaming photo files

As you move your photos and files into their new folders, it’s best to rename them. This won’t necessarily bring any immediate advantages but at some point, you will be grateful for the time spent organizing these images.

The time you spend now putting in good systems will almost certainly save you confusion and frustration in the future, not just in being able to quickly track down files that you need, but also when it comes to backing up your data.

Most cameras implement some fairly impenetrable file naming systems, often starting with DSC or another collection of letters that looks completely random. There’s then a series of numbers that never seems to reset.

Due to these automatic file names, our hard drives tend to be a mess. Fortunately, we can impose order on this mess with a bit of intelligent renaming.

As with the folder structure, you will need to figure out a system that works best for what you photograph and how often you shoot. If you shoot on two or more cameras, you’ll also need to decide if it’s worth noting down the camera in your filename.

That said, a filename doesn’t need to contain too many details. As will be discovered below, once your files are organized, you’ll be able to use keywords and geotagging to help you find photos quickly or arrange them into galleries.

To make a filename more readable, it used to be standard practice to divide the various parts with a hyphen or an underscore. This was because some software couldn’t cope with spaces.

Spaces no longer cause such problems but it’s still best to avoid using any other punctuation such as apostrophes. There’s still software out there that can get confused, and in theory, some cloud storage platforms might struggle.

Err on the side of caution and leave out anything that isn’t a letter or a number.

Sample PhotoSstorage Naming System

Here’s a suggestion for a photo storage naming system. Again, it uses the date of capture as its foundation as you have the option to create other ways of organising your files through different means later on:

  • Year
  • Month
  • Day
  • Event
  • Sequence number
  • File extension (if you’re not used to seeing file extensions, don’t worry about this part too much!)

As a result, an individual file may look like this:


Note how this system starts with the year first, followed by the month and the day. This will ensure that your files will always be in chronological order when listed alphabetically in a Finder or Explorer window.

Obviously, you don’t need to rename each file one by one! Operating systems have file renaming functionality, although it can be quite limited.

For more control, you may prefer to download a small application that has been designed specifically for renaming large numbers of files. There are options available that will even look at the metadata of your image files and figure out the date it was taken so that you don’t have to type it in yourself for each batch of files.

Alternatively, software such as Adobe Bridge offers a lot of control and automated features — see below.

When you come to specify the sequence number at the end of the filename, make sure to take into account how many files you are renaming. If there are more than 100 files, it’s a good idea to ensure that the sequence number starts with 001 rather than 01 as things can be confusing once you go past 99.

If you’re renaming files that have been edited or resized, it’s a good idea to differentiate them from their originals as part of the filename. For example:


Once you have established your system and sorted out your filenames, you can start using the same system for when you import your images.

Renaming your files as you copy them from a device or memory card will keep you organized and save you time in the future.

These first three steps can be a little demanding but fortunately, it gets much easier from here on.

4. Check for Photo Duplicates

Gemini 2 duplicate file finder

Until you have a system in place, it can be very easy to find yourself with copies of files floating around. Fortunately, there’s software designed to identify duplicates, even if they have different filenames.

Gemini 2 is an excellent option for Mac and will look at every file on your machine, not just your digital photos. It doesn’t matter if the image files have different names — Gemini 2 is smart enough to figure out if they are identical.

It’s free to try and the cheapest purchase option is just $19.99 with a 30-day money-back guarantee. You can read more about it in our guide to the best duplicate photo finders and cleaners here.

5. Cull Your Unwanted Photos

Now that your photos and files are neatly organized into folders and logically renamed, this is an excellent opportunity to sift through your images and get rid of any files that are no longer necessary.

You probably don’t need all 30 photos of that sunset after your sister’s birthday party last year, so why not free up some disk space and delete all but the best?

Again, Gemini 2 is a good solution for Mac users as it will spot images that look similar, allowing you to sift the not-so-great images from the keepers.

If you want to clear out images but can’t quite bring yourself to do it, try copying everything in your newly-organized photo library to an external hard drive first so that you can be sure that you’re not going to permanently delete something by accident or that you’ll later regret.

This will give you peace of mind and allow you to be more ruthless and stay organized in the future. If you’ve not looked at the not-so-great images after a year or two, you can cull them from your backup drive as well.

As will be discussed, backing up involves more than just copying to an external drive, however!

6. Convert Your Non-Digital Photographs

Film negative of city skyline

© Matt Moloney

Digitizing old prints, negatives and color slides has never been easier. Even snapping an old print using a smartphone will produce a very usable file that doubles as a backup in the event that the original is damaged or lost.

For higher resolution, use a DSLR or mirrorless camera. Just be sure to shoot in as even light as possible  — on the floor next to a window on a cloudy day, or next to a sheer curtain.

We recommend avoiding cheap film scanners as many of them are little more than a lightbulb and a depressingly low-resolution camera.

Instead, get excellent results by using a tablet or phone as a lightbox and photographing the negative using a DSLR or mirrorless camera attached to a tripod.

Alternatively, there are many services available where you can send off your film and have it scanned professionally. You can even get old photos restored.

7. Use Dedicated Software to Manage Your Digital Photos


Credit: Dekler Ph

There are countless software packages available for every operating system when it comes to helping you organize photos, at a variety of prices and degrees of sophistication.

Some are little more than elegant file browsers with some useful functionality, while others are fully-fledged, high-end photo editing applications — a.k.a. a DAM, or Digital Asset Manager — that can handle almost every aspect of a professional photographer’s workflow.

If you’re asking yourself “What is the best software to organize photos?” here are is a list of our recommendations for software that requires an up-front fee or an ongoing subscription (read on for free alternatives).

  • Lightroom – The choice of professionals around the world, Lightroom is a powerful DAM that can organize photos using various rating systems, labels, keywords, geodata, and facial recognition. It also allows you to create Collections, and Smart Collections (automated collections defined by a set of rules such as the lens used). Lightroom handles a complete workflow, from importing files to exporting them for printing or the web.
  • Photoshop Elements – We normally associate Photoshop with professional image manipulation but the simplified Elements version is not only better suited for basic photo editing but also comes with a useful file manager that will allow you to organize photos. You can categorize your images according to keywords, geotagging, facial recognition, smart tagging, and events.
  • Adobe Bridge – Bridge is a complementary piece of software included when you subscribe to certain Adobe packages. It doesn’t quite match Lightroom’s intuitive catalog system but it’s still a very powerful asset manager that uses labels, ratings, keywords, geodata and more to organize many different types of files.
  • ACDSee Photo Studio Home 2021 – acdsee has various photo software packages available and Photo Studio Home is the entry-level option offering a powerful digital asset manager and some basic photo editing functionality. MacOS users will have to opt for the slightly more expensive Photo Studio for Mac 7 which has the ability to edit raw files.
  • Google Photos – Unlike the other options on this list, Google Photos stores all of your images in the cloud. It also takes advantage of Google’s powerful search capabilities – not simply using keywords and other data stored in your images, but also Google’s intelligence to identify what’s in your photos. Being web-based, it’s not ideal for use on non-mobile devices, but it’s a decent alternative to Picasa, which is now defunct.
  • Phototheca – Windows users looking for an affordable, lightweight piece of software that offers basic tools to organize photos might want to investigate Phototheca. There’s a low up-front fee and while the editing tools included are basic, Phototheca can intelligently build collections as well as use facial recognition.
  • Cyberlink Photodirector 365 – Designed specifically for MacOS, Photodirector 365 is a fully-featured software editing package. Its digital asset management tools include AI-powered facial recognition to help organize your photos.
  • Zoner Photo Studio X – It lacks some of the AI-powered facial recognition features of some of its more expensive counterparts, but Zoner Photo Studio X is very affordable and its digital asset manager will get your files organized.

If you’re not ready to splash out on software, you might ask “What is the best free photo organizer?” Here are some suggestions:

  • Darktable – Available on Windows, Mac, and Linux machines, Darktable combines file management and image editing software in one package. As open-source software, its list of features is impressive.
  • Microsoft Photos – Specifically made for Windows machines, Microsoft Photos is easy to use and is an ideal way to organize photos. In addition, if you have a subscription to one of Microsoft’s cloud storage options, your photo files will be backed up automatically.
  • Apple Photos – Mac users have their own, slick image editing software pre-installed, and it will bring order to your digital photos. With an iCloud subscription, all of your images are backed up.
  • FastStone Image Viewer – Available only for Windows, FastStone Image Viewer is a simple piece of software designed to make it easier to browse your files and move them around. It’s not quite a digital asset manager but it has a tiny footprint and brings some definite advantages to using Explorer on its own.

Delve deeper into all the best photo editing software in our guide here.

8. Use an External Hard Drive

Woman sitting at laptop computer with external drive

© Andrew Neel

If you’re asking yourself “What is the best device for storing digital photos?” you might want to consider investing in an external hard drive.

Many of us use photo editing laptops in conjunction with tablets and phones, and the internal hard drives are often quite small — far too small for storing tens or even hundreds of gigabytes worth of digital photos.

Fortunately, external hard drives can be very affordable. One terabyte of storage can cost as little as $50 and can store several hundred thousand photos taken with a 12-megapixel camera.

Keep in mind that camera sensors are increasing in resolution every year, and the resulting file sizes are growing accordingly.

With that in mind, while you might think that you’ll never fill a hard drive with a quarter of a million photos, in a few years you might be shooting on higher resolution cameras that suddenly need even more storage space.

External hard drives come in all different shapes and sizes, and the most important considerations are how to connect it to your computer and how fast you want to be able to access your images.

Connectivity when it comes to external drives seems to change every few years and it’s worth doing the research to check that you’re buying the right type for your computer and that it’s not going to soon become redundant.

USB 3 (backwards compatible with USB 2) and Thunderbolt are the two most popular choices today.

Essentially there are two types of external drive, with one being slower and more affordable, and the other being faster and more expensive.

Most are powered through the connection to your computer and don’t require an additional cable — something you might want to avoid as a matter of convenience, particularly if you plan on travelling with it.

If the hard drive is going to come with you on lots of journeys, it might be worth buying one with a rubberised shell that will offer it some protection in the event of any drops. Also, as with any hard drive, its contents can be encrypted.

  • HDDs —simply Hard Disk Drives — are slower and not as expensive as a result. The spinning parts inside mean that there’s more potential for them to degrade over time.
  • SSDs — Solid State Drives — are faster and have no moving parts, making them slightly more rugged and less susceptible to damage when dropped. They’re also generally more than twice as expensive as HDDs but prices continue to fall as technology progresses.

HDDs are sufficient for most users. SSDs tend to be an advantage if you are constantly copying data around or regularly editing large numbers of photos.

Whichever you choose, it’s worth remembering that it’s not a matter of if a hard drive will fail — it’s when. SSDs might be faster and more rugged, but even they have a limited lifespan.

Keep reading to find out how to keep your data protected.

9. Back Up Your Data

As mentioned, every hard drive will fail one day so it’s crucial that you keep multiple copies of any data that is valuable to you, regardless of the type of file.

Professional photographers will keep multiple copies of their photos and in various different locations to ensure at least two layers of redundancy.

Often, there will be the original external drive, a duplicate of that drive that is kept at home, a duplicate of that drive that is kept elsewhere, and/or a copy that is backed up to the cloud.

A second hard drive is a viable option though it’s worth checking that you have enough ports available to ensure that you can connect both hard drives to your computer at the same time.

Once connected, you can use software to clone the original so that you don’t have to keep a close eye on which files have already been copied, or confuse yourself when a small number of changes have been made.

Cloud storage adds an extra layer of security and you might be able to take advantage of existing subscriptions to popular services such as iCloud, OneDrive, Google Drive, or Dropbox.

Alternatively, you could try a storage service designed specifically for images such as SmugMug that also offers attractive photo albums, and print and gift ordering options.

Another option is to go with a “set-and-forget” backup service which can duplicate an entire drive — including your external hard drive — to the cloud.

LiveDrive offers an attractive combination of synchronisation and backup services and got our recommendation in this roundup of cloud storage options.

How to Organize Your Photo Prints

Photo albums with black and white prints

© Michal Jarmoluk

Many of us forget the satisfaction of holding printed photos. Making a habit of regularly creating physical versions of your favourite images can bring a lot of joy.

Compiling your photographs into something that you can sit and flick through can be far more appealing than always staring at them on a screen.

Here’s how to take care of your photos once they’re no longer just sitting on your hard drive.

  • Note details on the reverse: Use a photo-safe pencil to note down when and where the photograph was taken, and anyone shown in the shot.
  • Store in photo boxes: Transfer your prints to acid-free envelopes and create a filing system in a series of photo boxes.
  • Store in photo albums: For easier access, and if your prints are all a regular size, slot your prints into plastic sleeves and label your photo albums. Both boxes and albums benefit from tabs and colorful organization.
  • Avoid handling them when possible: Try to avoid touching your prints more than necessary as the acid in your skin can affect the paper. Cotton gloves are a good idea.
  • Pay attention to sunlight: Wherever you store your prints, keep them out of direct sunlight. UV light can cause colors to fade.
  • Pay attention to temperature and humidity: Prints don’t appreciate high temperatures and nor do they like damp conditions. Avoid storing them in attics or basements!

Check out our guide to the best online photo printing services.

Final Words

Sorting out a chaotic collection of digital images can be a daunting task, but creating a plan and implementing a system will almost certainly save you a lot of time in the future and potentially prevent you from losing photos that are precious to you.

How are you going with your photo storage and organizing? Do you regularly back up your photos?

If you need any additional suggestions on how to get started, feel free to reach out to us via the comments below.

Andy Day is a British photographer and writing, living and working in France, specialising in adventure, travel, architectural and landscape photography.



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